Treatment for in-toeing
In the past, in-toeing was treated with methods such as bracing, stretching and special shoes. Recent research shows that the improvements credited to these treatments were actually due to normal growth.
Less than 1% of children need treatment for in-toeing.
The only way to definitively correct the rotation of the tibia or femur is through a surgical procedure called a rotational osteotomy. During the procedure, the surgeon cuts the bones and places them in the preferred position so that they heal correctly.
Surgery is not performed until the children are older. Surgery is then only considered if the position of the bones causes pain, limits their activities or if the correction does not occur on its own at the age the provider expects it to.