Pertaining to the lumbar and sacral regions of the back.
A lateral curvature with its apex at the fifth lumbar vertebrae or below (also know as lumbosacral scoliosis).
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Uses radiofrequency pulses on tissues in a magnetic field and displays images without the use of ionizing radiation.
A test that measures signals from nerves of the spinal cord. This monitoring is typically done in most spine surgeries.
A form of scoliosis caused by a neurological disorder of the central nervous system or muscle.
Description of a spinal curvature or scoliosis that does not have fixed residual deformity.
Bony process projecting backward from the body of a vertebra, which connects with the lamina on either side.
A technique of stabilizing two or more vertebrae by bone grafting.
The first or earliest curve to appear.
Used to indicate spinal maturity, this refers to the appearance of a crescentic line of bone formation which appears across the top of each side of the pelvis.
Curved triangular bone at the base of the spine, consisting of five fused vertebrae known as sacral vertebrae. The sacrum articulates with the last lumbar vertebra and laterally with the pelvic bones.
A proprietary name for an inclinometer used in measuring trunk rotation.
Lateral deviation of the normal vertical line of the spine which, when measured by X-ray, is greater than ten degrees. Scoliosis consists of a lateral curvature of the spine with rotation of the vertebrae within the curve.
Metal implants fixed to the spine to improve spinal deformity while the fusion matures. This includes a wide variety of rods, hooks, wires and screws used in various combinations.
An inflammatory disease of the spine.
An anterior displacement of a vertebra on the adjacent lower vertebra.
A segment of the spine that has fixed lateral curvature.
Any spinal curvature in which the apex of the curve is between the second and eleventh thoracic vertebrae.
Thoracic insufficiency syndrome
The chest or the thorax, made up of the rib cage, sternum, and spine, is unable to support lung growth and normal respiratory function. The thorax needs adequate space for the lungs to grow. For the thorax to function properly, there must be an ideal volume for age, the ribs must be formed normally, and the diaphragm, a thin muscle at the base of the thorax, must contract and relax properly.
Any curvature that has its apex at the twelfth thoracic or first lumbar vertebra.
Thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO)
A type of brace incorporating the thoracic and lumbar spine.
A diagnostic test that utilizes energy waves to produce images of deep, soft tissue structures.
The flexible supporting column of vertebrae separated by discs and bound together by ligaments.
The use of electromagnetic radiation to produce a 2-dimentional image of a part of the musculoskeletal system.