Delwyn Catley, PhD
Health Behavior Change
Education and Experience
Executive function fails to predict smoking outcomes in a clinical trial to motivate smokers to quit.
Our data did not support models of health behavior that emphasize EF as a mediator of health outcomes. Methodological shortcomings weaken the existing support for an association between EF and smoking behavior. We suggest methodological improvements that could help move this potentially important area of research forward.
Motivational interviewing and the decisional balance procedure for cessation induction in smokers not intending to quit.
The decisional balance exercise as formulated by earlier versions of MI may be counter-productive and cautions around its use are warranted. Instead, improved cessation outcomes appear associated with increasing perceived benefits of quitting and positive therapeutic alliance.