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Acute Gastroenteritis in the ED/UCC - Risk Factors for Bacterial Acute Gastroenteritis


  • Close contact to person with bacterial gastroenteritis (household, daycare)
  • Animal exposure: farm animals, petting zoo, pet reptiles
  • Undercooked meat or poultry, unpasteurized dairy products, raw shellfish
  • Community outbreaks of specific bacterial gastroenteritis
  • International travels (complete O&P indicated)
  • Exposure to freshwater



These guidelines do not establish a standard of care to be followed in every case. It is recognized that each case is different and those individuals involved in providing health care are expected to use their judgment in determining what is in the best interests of the patient based on the circumstances existing at the time. It is impossible to anticipate all possible situations that may exist and to prepare guidelines for each. Accordingly these guidelines should guide care with the understanding that departures from them may be required at times.