Kreamer Resource Center for Families MH Mental Health and adverse effects of meds
Kreamer Resource Center for Families MH Mental Health and adverse effects of meds

Adverse Effects of Medications and Mental Health

Many medications can cause hallucinations, psychosis, or other mental disorders, especially when used incorrectly. The FDA has issued warnings about the increased risk of suicidality among children starting antidepressants. 

Drugs having an adverse reaction of psychosis include:

Drugs having an adverse reaction of hallucinations include:

Source: Elsevier Gold Standard c2011

The full list of medications that can cause psychiatric symptoms is much longer. Street drugs may also cause or contribute to mental disorders. Some youth with mental disorders may try to "self-medicate" with street drugs-see the Dual Diagnosis page.

Ecstasy Use and Suicide Attempts
Kim J, Fan B, Liu X, Kerner N, & Wu, P. (2011). Ecstasy use and suicidal behavior among adolescents: Findings from a national survey. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 41(4):435-444.

The authors of an article in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior suggest that adolescent users of ecstasy, a popular illicit drug, should be targeted for enhanced suicide prevention and intervention efforts. They found that the suicide attempt rate of adolescents who used ecstasy was "considerably higher" than the suicide attempt rates of (1) adolescents who did not use drugs and (2) adolescents who used illicit drugs other than ecstasy. Their research indicated that adolescents who used illicit drugs other than ecstasy "were about six times as likely to attempt suicide as nondrug users" while "adolescents using ecstasy were about 13 times as likely to attempt suicide" as young people who had never used any type of illicit drugs. Young people who used ecstasy and/or any other illicit drugs were almost three times as likely to experience suicidal ideation as young people who never used drugs. There was virtually no difference in the risk of suicidal ideation between adolescents who used ecstasy and adolescents who used illegal drugs other than ecstasy.

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