Raise Your IQ
- Children's Mercy treated 13,018 injury-related emergency visits
in FY2005, with 2,852 of those visits resulting in hospital
- Most of these injuries and deaths are preventable through the
application of proven effective interventions such as seat belts,
smoke detectors, and bike helmets.
Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics is committed to reducing
the impact of injuries on the lives of children and their families
through services, research and advocacy. This safety
checklist is intended to help you raise your IQ (Injury
Quotient) - your ability to recognize potential dangers in and
around your home. Take a moment to walk through your house using
this checklist. The few minutes you spend will be wisely invested
in protecting your family from injuries.
Smoke, Heat, and Carbon Monoxide Detectors
The leading cause of deaths and injuries to children at home is
accidents. Fires are one of the most dangerous of such accidents.
Most fatal home fires occur at night, while people sleep. If you
are asleep or become disoriented from toxic gases produced by a
fire, you may not even realize that there is a fire. A smoke or
heat detector can sound an alarm and alert you to the danger in
time to escape.
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas that is made by
many household appliances (furnaces, dryers, ranges, ovens, and
heaters). Usually, carbon monoxide and other gases are vented to
the outside. But, if something goes wrong and carbon monoxide leaks
into your home, it could be deadly. The alarm of a carbon monoxide
detector will go off in time to get out before a normal adult
starts feeling sick. Learn more about smoke, heat, and carbon
Child Proofing Your Home
'Childproofing' the home is the best way to keep children safe
where they live.
Here is a checklist, from Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics
and the American Academy of Pediatrics, of things to watch out for
to keep your child safe.
- Is there a working smoke detector on every level of the house
and in the hallway outside of every bedroom?
- Is there a safety belt on your child's changing table to
- Are drapery and blind cords out of the baby's reach from the
crib and changing table? They can strangle children if they are
- Have bumper pads, toys, pillows, and stuffed animals been
removed from the crib by the time the baby can pull up to stand? If
large enough, these items can be used as a step for climbing
- The slots on the baby's crib should be no more than 2 3/8
inches apart. Widely spaced slots can trap an infant's head.
- Are all screws, bolts and hardware, including mattress
supports, in place to prevent the crib from collapsing?
- Check the crib for small parts and pieces that your child could
- Make sure that window guards are securely in place to prevent a
child from falling out the window. Never place a crib, playpen, or
other children's furniture near a window.
- To reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, SIDS, put
your baby to sleep on their back in the crib with a firm, flat
mattress and no soft bedding underneath.
- All medicines, toiletries, household cleaning products and
other poisonous substances should be LOCKED up.
- In the bathroom is there a nonskid mat or no-slip strips in the
- Are all hairdryers, curling irons, and other electrical
appliances unplugged and stored well out of reach? They can cause
burns or electrical injuries.
- Are there child-resistant safety latches on all cabinets
throughout the house?
- Make sure the water coming from your tap is no greater than 120
degrees (this can be measured with a candy thermometer)?
- Keep sharp knives or other sharp utensils well out of the
child's reach (using safety latches or high cabinets).
- Use the back burners and make sure hot handles on the stove are
pointing inward so your child cannot reach up and grab them.
- Keep electrical appliance cords tucked away so they cannot be
- Are edges and corners of tables padded to prevent
- Are houseplants out of your child's reach? Certain houseplants
may be poisonous.
- Are there any unnecessary or frayed extension cords? Cords
should run behind furniture and not hang down for children to pull
For more childproofing information see the American Academy of
Pediatrics website at www.aap.org.