The U.S. Surgeon General worries that we are undertreating ADHD.
A report notes that "fewer children (2 to 3 percent of school-aged
children) are being treated for ADHD than suffer from it. Treatment
rates are much lower for selected groups such as girls, minorities,
and children receiving care through public service systems." (http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/chapter3/sec4.html)
Some pediatricians worry that we are using higher and higher
doses of stimulant medication without understanding the long term
consequences of this treatment.
Some parents and schools want to medicate children, even when
doctors don't think medication is indicated. Other parents don't
want to medicate their children, even when doctors think that
treatment is in the child's best interest.
Stimulant medications can be used not just for the treatment of
ADHD but also for cognitive enhancement. Many high school and
college students use these medications to boost their academic