Pediatric Ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology
dealing with problems common to, or seen exclusively in,
Why is the pediatric eye different from an adult's?
The brain cells that control our vision are not fully
developed, or mature, when we are born. These cells are developing
throughout the first decade of life. Because of the immaturity of
the child's visual system, disorders that may have little effect on
an adult's ability to see can have a profound and life-long effect
on a child's vision. Poor vision due to inadequate stimulation of
these brain cells, amblyopia, is a common cause of loss of vision
in this age group.
Problems seen in the pediatric age group
Some disorders are only seen in children. Other disorders,
such as certain types of tumors, may not be found only in children,
but may have different effects than when they occur in adults (for
What is strabismus?
Strabismus is a misalgnment of the eyes. It includes crossed
eyes (esotropia), out-turned eyes (exotropia) and other eye-muscle
disorders. Because strabismus is treated so often by pediatric
ophthalmologists, many pediatric ophthalmologists also treat adults
What is a pediatric ophthalmologist?
A pediatric ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who was first
trained in diseases and surgery of the eye after finishing medical
school. They then pursue further training in the diagnosis,
treatment and surgery of those eye disorders that are unique to
What is a pediatric optometrist?
A pediatric optometrist is an eye care specialist who focuses
in the care of children with basic eye care needs. They perform
routine screening eye exams, examine children who fail vision
screenings at school, fit children with contact lenses and treat
amblyopia. The ophthalmologists and optometrists at Children's
Mercy work together as a close team.