Once polyps are removed, they are thoroughly examined by our pathology team to determine whether there is concern of further health issues. Important factors include the number, appearance, location and type of polyp. We also encourage family members to provide as much documented medical history about the patient as possible, which may provide important insight to our medical team. We proactively test for hereditary polyposis.
There are two main categories of polyp:
- Adenomatous - This type has a relatively high chance of turning into cancerous growths and are far more serious than other polyps.
- Inflammatory - This type has a much smaller risk, if any, of becoming cancerous.
The type of polyp, appearance, number and location are also important clues that help detect any underlying genetic disorders. This means some children have a gene abnormality (known as a gene mutation) that puts them at higher risk of getting certain hereditary polyps and increases the risk of cancer of the intestines and sometimes other organs.